- Panel 1 - chaired by Manfred Tscheligi
Monday 05.07.04, 11:00 (?)
Panel 1 - chaired by Manfred Tscheligi
Stephan Schmidt (Fraunhofer FIRST): Bottom up weblogs for knowledge management
Why KM doesn't work?
Mostly top down: management decides what processes, tools, organisation etc are used
non-matching ontologies, complicated process, complex tools = low user acceptance
they had som many overlapping categories that nobody knew where things should go and so people were confused
from user to management
self-organising with emergent structures
fits user needs
1. knowledge is floating around, uncollected and unstructured 2. then you can collect knowledge 3. structure ontologies as needed (refactoring)
You typically have isolated islands of blogs which then start to form communities through discussion and these start to overlap and then you eventuall get one large meta-community of knowledge sharing
How are structure and organisation connected?
- RDF - FOAF - ATOM - Trackback
These help connecte structure and organisation
Why Weblogs? - ideal to spark off communities - they contain connection technologies - maintained by enthusiastic individuals - installed without management
Use cases - CRM - virtual comapneis and projects - COPs - Universities
Daniel Doegl : Zoomblox - A universe of topics from children for children
Zoomblox came from ZOOM multimedia lab
want children to be actively involve din producing content max interactivity by and for children framework: sandbox where they can experiment with publishing
Blogging seemed ideal
- closed community - indidivual and group blogs - fun flash-based interface to find them - has internal mail system
monitoring measurement maintenance to protect kids
Launching Autumn 2004
Joerg Kantel: Turn your radio on - tweaking and tuning your weblog for the future
weblogs are between asynch and sycnh media and he thinks they coudl take over from radio as a community media platform
Brecht's theory of radio - mass communications from the working class and at some point seized upon as a propaganda device?
Web is a writing media for the masses but also good to connect with small groups for specific subjects
Ideas of alternative radio taken up by many small groups and communities - e.g. anti-nuclear protestors - it is cheap to send and receive, so ideal for this kind of use.
Alternative radio -> cheap - > ideal media as it was cheap to build receivers and broadcasters
"Freedom of the press belongs to he who owns one"
History: author was a publisher of 'radikal' (and was arrested at one time)
Alternative Media; Movies (super 8 movies?) distributed via Offener Kanal
Weblogs: a new media between synchronicity and asynchronicity
48 hours in Neukoelin: - > edited in iMovie
He lives in Neukoelln - Bronx of Berlin - that has a big arts party / festival. He created a multimedia blog for the party and they used a video camera to make a film / blog of the event.
Other synchoronoous/ asnch tools:
iPod + microphone Need to support this when syncing
He suggests that weblog software + simple media tools keep the promise of all the ideas of alt. media we have had in the past. Weblog tools are ideal for this.
Theory: brecht / Hans Megnus Enzensberger / Alexander Kluge
"we must occupy positions before the government does and we lose the island we have built!"
== Jon Hoem: Videoblogs as 'collective documentary' ==
videoblogs: (background of Jan is media producer)
Media usage: (most get early exposure to this media, + therefore moderately literate)
- TV use declining, but still most popular - video will still be most used medium - Knowing the 'grammar' of A-V media will be important part of 'media literacy'
access, analyse, eval and communicate info is defn of literacy (hacking, modding & creating in addition to consumption)
literacy key to crossing broder between consumption and participation. We need usable useful tools for everyone.
Blogging: - text blogs popular - many young bloggers are girls - mobile tech is an ideal opportunity for new media
'Vogs" = blog + A-V sequences; personal; between writing and TV; "video in a blog must be more than video in a blog"
(very few vogs around right now)
"Moblogs" = blogs created from mobile devices usually with a camera; tech similar to text blogs; often hosted by service providers
relation to doc filmmaking?
Material found by accident; videoblogs can help this process
Re-editing: (eisenstein )
moments in life captured by cameras and put together by collective effort
approach to videoblogs: simplicity of moblogs + wiki approach to editing using SMIL and QT
post production stages:
1. posting 2. selecting 3. editing 4. storing 5. re-editing
<demo of videoblog approach> demo showing features that allow people to combine their submitted footage (CC license). User selects footage and 'adds to edit list' that allows them to organise their own combined edit.
Editing: user makes sequences without editing the source material (using SMIL)
<shows prototype editor interface>
SMIL docs describe: display area; regions for positioning; sequencing; duration; annotations, etc
openness and wiki-nature are features of the system
Their research includes: spatial and temporayr media interactive possibilities of deep linking server v client issues scalability ratings P2P distribution + legal aspects of citation and deep linking
presenation here: http://blogtalk.net/presentBT2/Hoem_Jon.pdf
Lilia Efimova: what methods do you use to understand users (make it easy for users?)
MB: Easy is hard! It is not just about catering for newbies, but also for the developing needs of long-term users. especially when thinking about new applications (e.g video)
SS: their users are quite computer literate, but it is hard to explain concepts to secretaries and other non-computer literate users (joke about adding flash interface [not unlike that used in Zoom] )
Lilia: how do you understand your users? what studies have you done? SS: none! << SnSn: Well actually we have ~3000 registered users and we have comments activated and most users complain if they can't use the software. So I think we have a rough overview about how usable the software is. >> (thanks Stephan - fair point well made!)
Jon: A: look at time on task after carefully defining task. Fine if the task is an easy task, but if the task is complicated.... Jon wants everyone to use his system (in interests of wide spread media literacy)
Q for Stephan Schmidt: Blogging and wiki in companies: e.g one with 1000 - 2000 people - > what percentage do you think would adopt? what is reasonable?
SnSn: Readers below 50% publishers below 25% Managers/customers want 100% Question asker would be happy with 10%
Q: In a closed community, what is the min number of writers for critcial mass? 1, 10, 100?
MB: dont need critical mass, but perhaps a few key people might be more effective (e.g. CEO, HR person, manager)
Q: Memory? shared archive? (missed it)?
<< there is a book called "Organizational Memory" >>
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